Battleship USS MISSOURI
The third USS Missouri BB-63 is notable as the
final battleship to be built by the United States,
the second-to-last in the world after HMS Vanguard,
and the site of the Japanese surrender at the end of
World War II.
USS Missouri BB-63 was
one of the Iowa-class "fast battleship" designs
planned in 1938 by the Preliminary Design Branch at
the Bureau of Construction and Repair. Her keel was
laid at the New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn, New York
on 6 January 1941. She was launched on 29 January
1944 and commissioned on 11 June. USS Missouri BB 63
was the final battleship commissioned by the Navy.
The battleship was christened at her launching by
Mary Margaret Truman, daughter of Harry S. Truman,
then a senator from Missouri.
During World War
II, USS Missouri saw action at the Battle of Iwo
Jima and the Battle of Okinawa, and shelled the
Japanese home islands of Hokkaido and Honshū.
In the 1950s, Missouri fought in the Korean War and
was decommissioned into the United States Navy
reserve fleets. She was recommissioned in the 1980s,
and refitted with modern armaments. In 1991, she
participated in the Gulf War.
decommissioned a final time on 31 March 1992, having
received a total of eleven battle stars, and is
presently a museum ship at Pearl Harbor. The
powerful warship has nicknames as "Mighty Mo" or